Alcohol Legislation

UK Driving Limits (excluding Scotland)

  • Blood Test - 80 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres, 80mg/ml, 0.08 BAC, 0.8 Promille 
  • Breath Test - 35 microgrammes of alcohol per 100 milliliters of breath BrAC

Drink drive limits for professional drivers and operatives UK

Under the Railways Transportation Safety Bill, the UK government have now introduced lower limits for those working in the transport industry.

The limit is just 0.02% - one quarter the UK Drink-Drive limit of 0.08% and the lowest detectable level possible allowing for the residual levels that can exist in anyone whether they've been drinking or not.

The lower limits also apply to pilots, cabin crew, air traffic controllers, aircraft engineers, train drivers, and commercial seamen

  • Blood test - 20 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres, 20mg/ml, 0.02 BAC, 0.2 Promille
  • Breath test - 9 microgrammes of alcohol per 100 milliliters of breath (BrAC) 

Scotland drink driving limit

Scotland lowered its drink drive limit for drivers on a normal driving license from 0.08%BAC to 0.05%BAC on 5th December 2014.

The limit for professional drivers in Scotland is still 0.02%BAC.

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For the most up to date advice for the UK drink drive limits visit

EU drink driving limits (normal full vehicle license unless stated)

Austria 0.05%BAC (0.01%BAC license <2 years + HGV)
Belgium 0.05%BAC
Bulgaria 0.05%BAC
Czech Republic Zero
Denmark 0.05%BAC (0.00 is driving unsafely)
Finland 0.05%BAC
France 0.05%BAC (0.08%BAC = aggravated)
Germany 0.05%BAC. The level is lower if the driver is involved in an accident. The level is 0.00 if a driver is under age 21 or if had license less than 2 years
Greece 0.05%BAC (0.02 license <2 years)
Hungary Zero
Ireland 0.05%BAC 0.02% for learner drivers, newly qualified drivers ( ie license less than 2 yrs and professional drivers, and those who do not have their driving license on them.
Italy 0.05%BAC (zero license <3 years)
Latvia 0.05%BAC (0.02 license < 2 years)
Lithuania 0.04%BAC (0.02 license <2 years)
Luxembourg 0.05%BAC (0.02 license <2 years or for professional drivers)
Malta 0.08%BAC
Netherlands 0.05%BAC (0.02 license <5 years)
Poland 0.02%BAC (0.05 = aggravated)
Portugal 0.05%BAC
Romania zero
Scotland 0.05%BAC
Slovakia zero
Slovenia 0.24%BAC (0.00 license < 2 years)
Spain 0.05%BAC (0.03 license <2 years)
Sweden 0.02 (0.10 = aggravated)
Switzerland 0.05% BAC
United Kingdom 0.08%BAC for England & Wales & Northern Ireland (0.02%BAC for professional drivers). Scotland has reduced the limit to 0.05% BAC ( legislation became effective from 5 December 2014) Northern Ireland has just undergone a public consultation regarding its drink drive limits and it is likely they will be reduced to 0.05% in the near future.
Ukraine 0.00%BAC
Zero means below detectable levels. Aggravated indicates additional penalties associated with higher BAC or associated driving offence. 

Levels last reviewed December 2018, all levels subject to review, please check with the country for current legislation in operation before travelling.
 The levels are also lower for professional drivers in many countries and also lower for inexperienced and young drivers.